NameJane BROWN, 10065
Birthca 1771, Cumberland, CUL
Death11 Oct 1844, Longtown, CUL
Death MemoMillendbrouhead(?), Low Longtown, Parish of Kirkandrews
Misc. Notes
1826: Hesket, Cumberland

The Principal Inhabitants of Cumberland 1829 includes the entry:
LAIDMAN Mrs High House Petteril Crooks
This Mrs Laidman was almost certainly Jane, by now the widow of William [N1506]. In a set of early maps, I found Petterel Crooks (‘e’ instead of ‘i’) about 4 km W of High Hesket and 3.5 km NE of Ivegill on the Petterel River. I have also located, in an on-line Ordinance Survey map, "High House Fm" (presumably "Fm" stands for "Farm") SE of Southwaite and between the railway line and the M6 motorway. This may have been the "High House" abode of N1506 William (mentioned in his will) and that of Mrs Laidman (in the 1829 Principal Inhabitants). It is clearly in the parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest. I have also located a "Hill Houses", about 2.5 km ENE of Thomas Close and 1.5 km NW of Calthwaite. "Hill House" was given as the abode of William [O1992] and Deborah Laidman on the baptism entries for son John and daughter Jane. Also, the baptism of Deborah in 1801 recorded the father, John Graham, as "Farmer", "abode Hillhouses". From its location, "Hill Houses" would be in the southernmost part of the Hesket-in-the-Forest parish.

1841 Census: HO 107/166/7 folio 6 page 5
1841: age 70 (i.e., 70-74 range), of independent means, at Lowhouse, Wetheral, Cumberland, England, with daughter Margaret (40, i.e., 40-44) in a household headed by farmer Peter COLLINSON, his family, a blacksmith and five servants:
Peter Collinson 45 (Male) Farmer No (born in County)
Jane Collinson 40 (Female) Y (born in County)
Elizabeth Collinson 3 (Female) Y (born in County)
Peter Collinson 1 (Male) Y (born in County)
Jane Laidman 70 (Female) Ind(ependent Means) Y (born in County)
Margaret Laidman 40 (Female) Ind(ependent Means) Y (born in County) [sic, actually born Temple Sowerby, Westmorland]
William Wright 25 (Male) B(lack) Smith Y (born in County)
John Park 25 (Male) M(ale) S(ervant) Y (born in County)
John Armstrong 25 (Male) M(ale) S(ervant) Y (born in County)
Robert Pugmoor 25 (Male) M(ale) S(ervant) Y (born in County)
Jane Mavers(?) 15 (Female) F(emale) S(ervant) Y (born in County)
Sarah Brunson(?) 15 (Female) F(emale) S(ervant) Y (born in County)
Note that Jane's daughter Elizabeth, husband Thomas THIRLWALL (as THIRWELL) and family, together with Jane’s illegitimate grandaughter Ann(O1588), were residing at Froddle Crook and were listed two household schedules prior to this one. [HO 107/166/7 folio 5 page 4]
[Note: From age 70 (i.e., 70-74) recorded in the 1841 census return, Jane LAIDMAN (née BROWN) would have been born between 1767 and 1771, allegedly in Cumberland]

Probable death registration for Jane LAIDMAN (née BROWN), wife of N1506 William LAIDMAN:
ENTRY OF DEATH [GRO D1844 Longtown 25 80]
REGISTRATION DISTRICT Longtown
1844 DEATH in the Sub-district of Longtown Low in the County of Cumberland
Eleventh of October 1844 at Millendbrouhead(?) Parish of Kirkandrews Jane Ladiman (sic) Female (Age) 75 Years Widow of William Ladiman (sic) Farmer (Cause of death) Apoplexy (Informant) John Lee Deputy Coroner Brampton (Registered) Fourth of December 1844.
Notes:
1. LADIMAN is a not uncommon corruption of the spelling of LAIDMAN.
2. The Registration District is Longtown and the town/village of Longtown is only about 10 kilometres (12 miles) NNW of Wetheral, where Jane LAIDMAN (née BROWN) was resident at the time of the 1841 census.
3. In that 1841 census, Jane was recorded as 70 (i.e., age in the range 70 to 74) and this is consistent with age 75 at death in 1844.
4. Jane's daughter O1417 Margaret, who was residing with her at the time of the 1841 census, was elsewhere and not with her mother at the 1851 census, suggesting that Jane died before the 1851 census.
5. Jane's husband was indeed William LAIDMAN (N1506), a farmer, who had died in 1826.
6. A copy of this Jane LADIMAN's will (if it exists) could confirm whether she was Jane LAIDMAN (née BROWN).
Spouses
1William LAIDMAN, 10064, N1506
Birthca 1762
Death22 Feb 1826, Hesket in the Forest, CUL
Death MemoHigh House
Burial24 Feb 1826, Hesket in the Forest, CUL
Burial MemoWm Laidman age 64, abode High House Minister John Harrison
Occupation1806, 1808: Innkeeper; 1811: Husbandman
Misc. Notes
Parson and White (William Parson & William White, History, Directory and Gazetteer of Cumberland and Westmorland with Furness and Cartmill, 1829, p. 485) includes among the principal inhabitants at Petterill Crooks, parish of Hesket, the entry
Laidman Mrs. High house Petterill Crooks
This Mrs Laidman is almost certainly Jane, widow of N1506 William whose will states High House as his residence.
Parson and White also include, as a farmer at Itonfield,
Graham John, Hill Houses
This John Graham is very likely to have been the father of Deborah (baptised 1801, parents John and Ann GRAHAM, abode Hill Houses), who subsequently married O1992 William LAIDMAN. William and Deborah's abode was given as Hillhouses on the baptism entry for their first two children Jane (1825) and John (1827).
(Both High House Farm and Hill Houses appear on present day Ordnance Survey maps, the former about a kilometre SSW of the village of Southwaite and the latter about two kilometres NW of the village of Calthwaite.)
Occupation: Husbandman, Parish of Brougham (at the time of marriage, 1801); innkeeper, Gamblesby (at birth of daughters Elizabeth and Jane, 1806, 1808); husbandman, Gamblesby (at birth of son John, 1811); yeoman (in will, 1826)

Summary
ca 1762 approximate date of birth, place and parents unknown [from age 64 at death in 1826]
30 May 1801 husbandman of Brougham parish [marriage to Jane BROWN, church of St James, Temple Sowerby]
24 Jan 1802 husbandman [baptism of son William in Temple Sowerby]
16 Oct 1803 husbandman [baptism of daughter Margaret in Temple Sowerby]
In re-locating from Temple Sowerby to Gamblesby by the most direct route (via roadways through Culgaith, Skirwith and Melmerby), the journey would have been about 16 kilometres (10 miles).
7 April 1806 innkeeper at Gamblesby, parish of Addingham [baptism of daughter Elizabeth]
25 Sep 1808 innkeeper at Gamblesby, parish of Addingham [baptism of daughter Jane]
30 Aug 1811 husbandman, Gamblesby, parish of Addingham [baptism of son John] The most likely route in moving from Gamblesby to High House farm (via Glassonby, Kirkoswald, Armathwaite and Southwaite) is a distance of about 24 kilometres (15 miles). To travel from High House farm to church in High Hesket would have involved a journey of about 5 kilometres (3 miles)
7 Feb 1826 yeoman farmer at High House, parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest [stated in his will]
22 Feb 1826 yeoman at High House, parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest [death duty register]
24 Feb 1826 High House, parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest [burial record in OPR]

Will dated 7 February 1826:
This is the last Will and Testament of me William Laidman of High House in the parish of Hesket County of Cumberland Yeoman I give to my Wife Jane during the lease of the said Farm all this my Household Furniture and all my Farming Stock and Husbandry utentials During the said Lease Except one Horse and two Cows which I give to my son William (in Case he should get a Farm) out of my Stock if not to have them at the end of my Lease And I aslo [sic] appoint my Wife Jane to be my Sole Executor and administrator to receive all the Profits of this my said Farm and to pay all my just Debts and Funeral Expences and at the end of the said Lease my Wife Jane to receive Half of my Personal Property and the rest to be Equally Divided amongst my younger Children I also give to my Wife Jane and my three Daughters all my Household Furniture to be equally divided amongst them except the Clock the Best Bed and a pair of Chest of Drawers at the End of the lease which I give to my said Wife Jane During her natural Life signed Sealed Published and Declared by the said William Laidman as his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence and in the presence of each other have hear [sic] to set our names as Witnesses this 7th Day of February 1826 (William Laidman X mark --?) Thos Wilson Williams Barns.
Proved 24th June 1826 by Jane Laidman the sole Executrix.
Effects under £200.


Death duty register:
William Laidman of High House, Cumberland, Yeoman who died 22 Feby 1826
Date of Will 7 Febry 1826 Executor Jane Laidman of High House, Cumberland. One Horse & Two Cows to William Laidman Son. Residue to Jane Laidman Wife. Probate 24 June 1826 Consistory Court of Carlisle. £200.

Notes on Gamblesby and High House, from William Robert Lyon Laidman, November 2006:

Gamblesby [Addingham Parish, Leath Ward, Cumberland (now part of Cumbria)]

Mannix and Whelan (History, Gazetteer and Directory of Cumberland, 1847) describe Gamblesby as 'a neat and well-built village, pleasantly situated ten miles N.E. of Penrith'. It is in the parish of Addingham and should not be confused with the hamlet of Gamblesby, latterly known as Gamelsby, in the parish of Aikton.

Some time between October 1803 (baptism of daughter Margaret) and April 1806 (baptism of daughter Elizabeth), William LAIDMAN (ca 1762-1826), his wife Jane (née BROWN) and young children William and Margaret moved from Temple Sowerby to Gamblesby, a journey of some 16 kilometres (10 miles). While baptism entries for William's two children in Temple Sowerby record his occupation as 'husbandman' (farmer), those for his next two children in Addingham parish (Elizabeth in 1806 and Jane in 1808) describe him as an innkeeper. However, he is again a husbandman at the time of the baptism of his fifth child (John in 1811). Parson and White (A History, Directory and Gazetteer of Cumberland and Westmorland, 1829) list two inns in Gamblesby: the Red Lion and the Pack Horse, but it is not known in which of these William was innkeeper. These authors report the population of the township of Gamblesby in 1801, 1811 and 1821 (presumably from the anonymous census returns in those years) as 222, 215 and 279 persons respectively.

When visiting Gamblesby in 2003, the Red Lion inn building was found to be a residence. Over its front door was the inscription: 'Thomas Harrison And Jane Harrison 1741'. Stables behind the inn had been converted into three self-catering holiday units. Across the road from the former inn is St John's, described as a 'daughter church' to the principal church of the parish, St Michael and All Angels, located near the village of Glassonby. A notice outside St John's church advertised that it was for sale.

It is not known when the family left Gamblesby, but William and Jane were at High House farm, near Southwaite village in the parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest, in February 1826 at the time of William's death.

High House [Hesket-in-the-Forest parish, Leath Ward, Cumberland (now part of Cumbria)]

High House farmhouse is less than a kilometre (about half a mile) south of the village of Southwaite. This ancient farmhouse is situated in the northernmost part of High House farm which, since 1846, has had the West Coast main railway line as its eastern boundary and, since 1970, the M6 motorway along its western side. Southwaite (a corruption of 'Thouthwaite', from the old Norse 'thou', meaning clay, and 'thwaite', cleared land) is some 13 kilometres (about eight miles) SSE of Carlisle and is contained within the parish of Hesket-in-the-Forest (often shortened to Hesket).

According to Samuel Jefferson (The History and Antiquities of Leath Ward in the County of Cumberland, 1840), John Skelton 'held one close called Southwaite' in the reign of Henry VIII (1509-1547) and that a descendant, Richard Skelton, 'built a mansion-house on his father's estate at Southwaite in the year 1640'. This 'mansion-house' was almost certainly what is now the farmhouse on High House farm. Evidence supporting this is provided by a rough stone plaque above the entrance to the older part of the building. This plaque features the year 1643 and the Skelton coat of arms, the latter consistent with that described in Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archeological Society (Vol VI, 1906) as 'A Fess gules edged argent, between 3 Fleur-de-lis or', that is, a red, silver-edged horizontal band dividing three gold fleur-de-lis - with two above and one below the band. The same publication refers to this John Skelton as being 'of High House'.

The Skeltons sold their estate at Southwaite, migrating to Ireland in 1712. The present owner of High House, Mr Geoffrey Blake (my source of much of its history), believes that the land around Southwaite began being broken up into separate farms after this time. These farms were High House, Appletreethwaite (now Low House) and Bleaburythwaite (later Toppin Hill, but now Southwaite Park). A mortgage registered 17 October 1736 refers to 'copyhold premises known as High House in the Parish of Hesket'. Under the terms of the Enclosure Act (1814), the then owner of High House and minister for Hesket parish, the Reverend William Kirkbride, was successful in his claim for additional land. About 1900, according to Mr Blake, the then owners of High House, the Armstrongs, demolished part of the original building and replaced this by a major extension.

The earliest documented association of Laidmans with High House was in 1826: the will of William LAIDMAN (ca 1762-1826), dated 7 February, and the record of his burial in the parish of Hesket, 24 February. In the former, William describes himself as 'yeoman'; the latter gives his age at death as 64 and hence 1762 as the approximate year of his birth. Both state High House as his place of residence. The previous known abode of this William, his wife Jane and their children, was the village of Gamblesby at the time of baptism of his youngest child John in August 1811. It is not known when the family made the 24 kilometre (15 mile) relocation from Gamblesby to High House, but it seems that they were well established at High House by the time of William's death. The eldest child William was married at St Mary the Virgin, the parish church of Hesket, in May 1825. In 1828, two of William and Jane's daughters (Elizabeth and Margaret) were noted as being resident at High House in the record of the baptisms of their illegitimate children (Ann and Thomas, respectively). It would seem that William's widow, Jane, continued to live at High House for some time after her husband's death. The last documented Laidman association with High House is the listing of 'LAIDMAN Mrs. Highhouse' among the principal inhabitants of Hesket parish in 1829 by Parson and White in their History, Directory and Gazetteer of Cumberland and Westmorland. It is not known for how much longer William's widow continued to reside at High House, but its occupants at the time of the 1841 census were Richard Martindale, his wife and his family.

Hillhouses [Hutton-in-the-Forest Parish, Leath Ward, Cumberland (now part of Cumbria)]
Marriage30 May 1801, Temple Sowerby, WES
Misc. Notes
The marriage entry for N1506 William Laidman in the OPR (Old Parish Registers) for Temple Sowerby (Parish of Kirkby Thore) was as follows:
Banns of Marriage between William Laidman of the Parish of Brougham and Jane Brown of this Chapelry were published on the following Sundays, viz.,
On Sunday the 10th Day of May by the Revd M r Dawson Officiating Minister
On Sunday the 17th Day of May by the Revd M r Turkington Officiatg Minister
On Sunday the 24th Day of May by the Revd M r Turkington Off. Minister
William Laidman, of the Parish of Brougham, Husbandman, and Jane Brown of this Chapelry, Spinster, were married in this Chapel by Banns this thirtieth Day of May 1801
By me Rob t Harrison Afsistant Curate
This marriage was solemnized between us
Will m Laidman’s X Mark
Jane Laidman (late Brown)
In the presence of us
William Watkins
Rich d Brown

St Ninian Church, Brougham, 1801, Marriage Banns [OPR, p.31]:
The Banns of Marriage between William Loadman
[sic] Batchelor of this Parish and Jane Brown/e Spinster of Temple Sowerby were published in this Church on three Several Sundays Viz. on the 10th 17th and 24th May 1801 by me John Neclis [?] Rector.

It is interesting (and, perhaps, significant) that the corresponding publication of banns at St Ninian’s church in Brougham [OPR Brougham 1801, p. 31] misspelled both their names as William Loadman and Jane Browne. (There were several people named Loadman, of the parish of Kirkland, who were married at Brougham. Could Loadman be another variation of Laidman?)
ChildrenWilliam , 8368, O1992 (ca1801-1862)
 Margaret , 9981, O1417 (bp. 1803-)
 Elizabeth , 10066, O1507 (ca1806-1878)
 Jane , 10067, O1508 (bp. 1808-)
 John , 10071, O1505 (ca1811-1874)
Last Modified 15 May 2011Created 3 Jun 2012 using Reunion for Macintosh